Ableism 101 Part Three: Creating Access and Universal Design
Welcome, this is the third session in our ableism 101 workshop series: Creating Access & Universal Design
Slide 2 Reminders
- please make sure you sign in on the sheet up front
- create a name tag with your name and pronouns
Slide 3 Guidelines
Guideline for this workshop are adapted from AnaLouise Keating’s Teaching Transformation, appendix 2.
- What is shared in this space, stays here. But what you learn here, can leave this space.
- Please be mindful of how much you are speaking and if you are speaking over someone else. Please let folks finish their sentences and thoughts, only one person should be speaking at a time.
- Acknowledge that discrimination and oppression exists in many forms (e.g. sexism, racism, classism, ageism, homophobia, ableism, transphobia, islamophobia, anti-Semitism, xenophobia, fatphobia etc.)
- We will assume people are doing the best that they can. We all make mistakes despite our intentions. However even good intentions can have harmful impacts, therefore when someone says something offensive or inappropriate we will call them in. This is a learning environment and we are all constantly learning and (hopefully) trying to do better.
- We will share information about our groups with other individuals and we will never demean, devalue, or in any way put down people for their experiences.
Slide 4 Access Statement for this space
Please exist in this space in ways that are most comfortable for you. You can stand up, sit down, lay down, stretch, walk around, leave the room, stim, use your electronics as needed. Understand that everyone exists in spaces in different ways, and how someone can best engage and listen might look different than how you do.
Gendered bathrooms & drinking fountains are located just to the left of here after the elevator. All-gender bathroom is located in the adaptive gym on the first floor, take a right after the desk.
If you need a quiet space, we have two offices that you are welcome to use. We will have a set break during this workshop but can take additional breaks if needed.
Anything to add?
Slide 5 Introductions
We will do short introductions for everyone in the space with your name, gender pronouns (she/her, he/him, they/them, xe/xem, ze/hir, x, your name, etc.), and our question for today is When you hear/read the word “accessible” what do you first think of?
Slide 6 Terminology
We are going to start by going over brief terminology, these definitions are also in your workbooks.
Accessibility: 1. Capable of being reached; being within reach; easy to speak to or deal with 2. Capable of being used or seen 3. Capable of being understood or appreciated 4. Capable of being influenced 5. Easily used or accessed by people with disabilities; adapted for use by people with disabilities.
We want to consider accessibility from a variety of perspectives.
Physical: areas of physical access to consider are building access, location of the building, seating options, parking options, doors (are there push buttons or easy-open doors), are there elevators/stairs and where are they located, restrooms (are there gendered, all-gender, and accessible options?), access copies (e.g. physical print copies of your speech, PowerPoint slides, handouts), interpreters, CART captioning, microphones & tech.
Attitudinal/Emotional: Questions to ask: How is access being treated? How are disabled people being treated? Is accessibility being talked about or understood as a “burden” or something they are required to do? Do these feelings translate to how they are treating disabled attendees?
Food & Beverages: Is it a mealtime? Do you have a variety of options, so that everyone has a choice (especially consider common food allergies, diets, medical diets etc.)? Do you have plastic posable straws and easy to open utensils?
Mental: Breaks, access copies, pace (not too fast, allow individuals to let you know if you need to slow down or repeat something), is there a quiet room?
Design: location of accessible seating, restrooms etc., How are the event and the activities designed? How easy is it to locate accessible routes & entrances?
Environmental: fragrances/scents (e.g. low-scent spaces and events), lighting (not too much florescent lighting, and enough lighting for people to see/read if necessary), air flow/AC/heating, noise and sound.
Slide 7 What Can You Do to Create an Accessible Space?
Tips to think about:
- Think about accessibility: Before the event, During the event, After the event
- Reach out to DRC or DCC staff if you have questions!
- Remember to consider multiple facets of access
- Provide the information on your flyer, emails, website, social media accounts
- Refer to your packet for information about changes to PREEMPTIVELY make in event/classroom planning
Slide 8 Terminology Continued
504: An accommodation is any technique that alters the academic setting or environment in some way but does not change the content of required work. A modification is any technique that alters the work required in such a way that it differs in substance from the work required of other students in the same class.
Title I ADA: Under Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), a reasonable accommodation is a modification or adjustment to a job, the work environment, or the way things are usually done during the hiring process. These modifications enable an individual with a disability to have an equal opportunity not only to get a job, but successfully perform their job tasks to the same extent as people without disabilities… Under Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), a reasonable accommodation is a modification or adjustment to a job, the work environment, or the way things are usually done during the hiring process. These modifications enable an individual with a disability to have an equal opportunity not only to get a job, but successfully perform their job tasks to the same extent as people without disabilities.
Slide 9 Terminology Continued
Compliant/ADA Compliant: this means that the classroom, workplace, public good, public space, or private space complies with the Americans with Disabilities Act. This can mean that an elevator exists, but it may not always run or you may need special access. These are generally understood as for a specific individual.
Universal Design: Universal Design is the design of products and environments to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design. This concept was born out of architecture and design, but has great potential to impact disability-related access (UA UD team)
That here you can see how different the two mindsets are between being “compliant” and universally designing your event or classroom pre-emptively.
Slide 10 Universal Design 7 Principles
- Equitable use: The design is useful and marketable to people with diverse abilities
- Flexibility in use: The design accommodates a wide range of preferences and abilities.
- Simple and intuitive use: Use of the design is easy to understand, regardless of the user’s experience, knowledge, language skills, or current concentration level.
- Perceptible information: The design communicates necessary information effectively to the user, regardless of ambient conditions or the user’s sensory abilities.
- Tolerance for error: The design minimizes hazards and the adverse consequences of accidental or unintended actions.
- Low physical effort: The design can be used efficiently and comfortable and with a minimum of fatigue.
- Size and space for approach and use: Appropriate size and space is provided for approach, reach, manipulation, and use regardless of user’s body size, posture, or mobility.
Slide 11 Access as Joyful
“What does it mean to shift our ideas of access and care (whether it’s disability, childcare, economic access, or many more) from an individual chore, an unfortunate cost of having an unfortunate body, to a collective responsibility that’s maybe even deeply joyful? What does it mean for our movements? Our communities/fam? Ourselves and our own lived experience of disability and chronic illness? What does it mean to wrestle with these ideas of softness and strength, vulnerability, pride, asking for help, and not--all of which are so deeply raced and classed and gendered? If collective access is revolutionary love without charity, how do we learn to love each other? How do we learn to do this love work of collective care that lifts us instead of abandons us, that grapples with all the deep ways in which care is complicated?” -Leah Lakshmi Piepzna-Samarasinha, Care Work: Dreaming Disability Justice, 33
Image description: an image of Leah Lakshmi Piepzna-Samarasinha smiling in front of jasmine
Slide 12 #AccessIsLove
Because I would argue that “disability justice” is simply another term for love. And so is “solidarity,” “access,” and “access intimacy.” I would argue that our work for liberation is simply a practice of love—one of the deepest and most profound there is. And the creation of this space is an act of love. –Mia Mingus, DIS 2018 Keynote Speech
- #AccessIsLove is a project created by Mia Mingus, Alice Wong and Sandy Ho with the aim of building a world where accessibility is understood as an act of love. Every two months, they select a new non-profit or collective to give their profits from their online store to. They also have handouts and reading lists about disability justice.
Image description: from Left to Right, an image of Mia Mingus, Alice Wong and Sandy Ho together with the ACCESS IS LOVE logo above their heads.
Slide 13 Guided Reflection
Slide 14 Guided Reflection
When was a time that you have experienced inaccessibility or have witnessed this? How did it make you feel? How did you react?
Slide 15 Large Group Discussion
- What are some examples of inaccessibility that you wrote about?
- Did you feel like you could do or say something in that moment?
- If you could change how you reacted would you?
Slide 16 5-minute break
Slide 17 Panel Discussion: Accessibility & Universal Design
Slide 18 Q & A
Slide 19 Reminders about Access
- Let people know! Explain on the flyer or in emails/social media posts what the accessibility at your event will be
- To plan for access no matter who you “think” will be in attendance
- You should be thinking about access in all levels of your planning: venue, marketing, activities, technology, seating, lighting etc.
- The difference in someone planning access & design ahead of time vs needing to ask for an accommodation or having to leave or miss an event due to inaccessibility is monumental
Slide 20 Reminders!
Our LAST workshop in Tuesday, February 11thfor “Disability Justice, Access Intimacy & Care Webs”